By Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
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Post 12 months notice: First released in 2002
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Extra info for Agricultural Policies in Oecd Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2003
2 EVALUATION OF POLICY DEVELOPMENTS in 2000-02, reflecting lower public stocks as a result of a combination of policy and market developments. Marketing and promotion support has increased the most since the mid1980s, rising from 32% in 1986-88 to 41% of the overall GSSE in 2000-02. It is the most important form of GSSE support in the European Union, Turkey and the United States. About 30% of overall GSSE support is for infrastructure, and is particularly important in Japan and Korea. Support for research and development and education remained stable at 13% of the overall GSSE, but is 50% or more of the GSSE in Australia, New Zealand and Norway.
The variation in support is measured by the coefficient of variation in the producer Nominal Assistance Coefficient across commodities within the country. 13 illustrate changes in these three elements for the OECD as a whole and for each OECD country. Each of the variables is measured on one of the three axes. For any particular period the points on the axes can be joined to form a triangle. Progress towards reform can be shown by changes in the position of the triangle between periods. Movement towards the origin on any of the three axis (smaller triangle) indicates a positive step towards reform – either a reduction in the level of support, a reduction in the importance of the most distorting forms of support, or a reduction in the variation in support between commodities.
Notes: Variation in support is measured by the coefficient of variation of commodity producer NACs, weighted by value of production. org/agr/policy). trade and often contribute to environmental pressure. Moreover, these measures are the least effective in targeting income to farmers or in targeting the provision of specific environmental benefits. While the combined share of the most distorting forms of support increased between 1986-88 and 2000-02 in Japan to 98%, it decreased to 97% in Korea, 85% in Iceland, 78% in Norway and 68% in Switzerland.
Agricultural Policies in Oecd Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2003 by Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development