By Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando Almeida e Costa, Luis Mateus Rocha, Ernesto Costa, Inman Harvey, António Coutinho (eds.)
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Extra info for Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 10-14, 2007. Proceedings
24 B. McMullin, C. Kelly, and D. O’Brien one random string is chosen as a replicase and a second as a template. If the replicase exactly matches the template in sequence, then it “binds” to it, and replicates it. A random existing string is removed to make room for the new string. , does not match in sequence) then the interaction has no eﬀect. Note that, by design at this point, there are no replication errors, and indeed no other intrinsic ﬁtness diﬀerences between diﬀerent molecular species.
In the string notations, “/” separates lines. A number before “#” represents the displacement of the line relative to the top line. We may use terms virtual elements (or velements), v-atoms and v-molecules for our artiﬁcial chemistry in order to avoid confusion with natural elements, atoms and molecules. Chemical equations in this artiﬁcial chemistry (we call them recombination rules) are expressed in terms of patterns that match (or do not match) vmolecules. A pattern may have wildcards: a number surrounded by angle brackets (such as <1>) denotes a wildcard that matches an arbitrary v-atom.
A pattern may have wildcards: a number surrounded by angle brackets (such as <1>) denotes a wildcard that matches an arbitrary v-atom. A number and a star surrounded by angle brackets (such as <*1> and <2*>) denote a wildcard that matches an arbitrary sequence of v-atoms of any length; the position of star represents the direction in which the sequence can extend. An example recombination rule is illustrated below. 0#<*1>AB/1#CD/ + 0#AB<2*>/ → 0#<*1>ABAB<2*>/1#CD/ A B C D A B ✲ (1) A B A B C D If this rule is applied to v-molecules 0#ABAB/3#CD/ and 0#AB/, a new vmolecule 0#ABABAB/3#CD/ is produced and the reactants disappear.
Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 10-14, 2007. Proceedings by Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando Almeida e Costa, Luis Mateus Rocha, Ernesto Costa, Inman Harvey, António Coutinho (eds.)