By Jennifer Clapp (auth.)
With the adoption of a global Bank-sponsored structural adjustment programme within the mid-1980s, Guinea underwent a dramatic switch in its monetary and agricultural guidelines. The country's adventure during the last decade illustrates the most urgent difficulties encountered by means of African nations pursuing monetary reform. This ebook analyses those problems by way of interpreting the adjustment adventure in Guinea because it affected the country's total political economic climate and the rural quarter particularly. It additionally locations this example in the broader context of African adjustment.
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Additional resources for Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea
Measuring the performance of the adjustment strategy, particularly in the agricultural sector, has proven to be achallenging exercise. " This was mainly because of the problem of unreliable data which plagues African economic and agricultural statistics. " Despite these difficulties, the Bank itself has managed to come up with some numbers, and though it has tried to portray them as evidence that adjustment was 'working', they are somewhat disappointing when 18 Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa assessing the progress of GNP and agricultural sector growth in Africa in the 1980s-90s.
Though its attention to this problem increased, by the late 1980s the Bank returned to its original stance that the external environment had little to do with economic performance, and that policy reform was the most important factor. " The Bank began to stress the need for increased donor support, particularly after it had projected that debt service ratios were set to rise in the 1980s. Without increased aid, net capital flows to Africa would dry up. " The Bank did begin to acknowledge that the higher level of external financing reforming countries have received compared to non-reformers has been inf1uential in enhancing the performance of the former, but has insisted that this is not the determining factor.
There was also an increase in debt reschedulings by the Par is Club of official creditor countries. The Bank still called for more loan s as weil as the reduction, relief, and rescheduling of African bilateral a nd commercial debt into the late 1980s. as it was clear that efforts thus far at reducing Africa's debt burden had not been enough. <46 Unlike other official debt, however, Bank and Fund loans cannot be rescheduled or forgiven. With increased levels of external assistance came the need for increased dono r co-ordina tion.
Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea by Jennifer Clapp (auth.)