By Stephen L. Harp
An international background of Rubber is helping readers comprehend and achieve new insights into the social and cultural contexts of world creation and intake, from the 19th century to this day, in the course of the attention-grabbing tale of 1 commodity.
Divides the assurance into issues of race, migration, and exertions; gender on plantations and in factories; call for and daily intake; global Wars and nationalism; and resistance and independence
Highlights the interrelatedness of our global lengthy prior to the age of globalization and the worldwide social inequalities that persist today
Discusses key innovations of the 19th and 20th centuries, together with imperialism, industrialization, racism, and inequality, during the lens of rubber
offers an interesting and obtainable narrative for all degrees that's full of archival examine, illustrations, and maps
Acknowledgments ix Timeline xi worldwide Rubber and Tire businesses xvii creation: Why Rubber? 1 worldwide Connections eight 1 Race, Migration, and hard work 10 Wild Rubber and Early eleven Wild Rubber and Empire 14 Plantations growth: Rationality and potency 17 Plantation Hierarchies 21 Race and within the usa and Europe 29 2 ladies and Gender on Plantations and in Factories forty Gendering the Jungle and the Plantation forty two Asian girls on Plantations forty four eu girls and Racism forty eight The Colonizing lady 50 Gendered creation within the usa and Europe fifty two Rubber and intercourse in Indochine fifty six three call for and daily intake sixty one daily intake on Southeast Asian Plantations sixty two category and intake in North the United States and Europe sixty four Race and intake in Europe and North the US sixty eight Gender and intake in Europe and North the United States seventy one Gendering replica seventy seven four global Wars, Nationalism, and Imperialism eighty three global warfare I eighty four See the USA First on strong Roads 86 Flying for the kingdom 88 limiting Rubber within the Wake of battle ninety American Assertions: Herbert Hoover and US exchange ninety one Firestone and associates ninety four Firestone in Liberia ninety six Germany: Colonies and chemical compounds ninety nine international struggle II and the U.S. Scramble for Rubber 102 Nazi Racism and Buna at Auschwitz a hundred and five Imperialism and Nationalism within the Wake of global battle II 107 five Resistance and Independence 111 Plantations and Resistance 112 worldwide financial quandary and Plantation hard work 118 good fortune of the Smallholders a hundred and twenty Plantations below the japanese 124 Independence and Decolonization 126 United Rubber staff 131 end: Forgetting and Remembering Rubber 137 urged Readings 142 Index 157
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Extra resources for A World History of Rubber: Empire, Industry, and the Everyday
Century, the heyday of empire, was explicitly and openly hierarchical, even racist and elitist. The myriad industrial products made from rubber were not shared equally; neither were the vast profits made on the sale of those products. The people producing them were not paid or treated equally. In fact, colonial subjects in Asia and Africa, and eventually industrial workers in urban sites in North America and Europe, did most of the actual physical labor. It was the well‐off, and over time less well‐off, Europeans and Americans who enjoyed the fruits of that labor.
Labeling them “lazy,” plantation managers imported laborers, and regimes of violence ensured the productivity of workers far from home. In the interwar years, as international communism condemned imperi alism, working conditions continued to lead to revolts among plantation workers. Combinations of sticks and carrots, reforms and repression, temporarily ended incidents of resistance. However, once the Japanese occupied Southeast Asia, the limits of European control became obvious. By the end of the war, when arms flowed 7 Introduction: Why Rubber?
These remarks enraged not only the inspector, but the governor of Cochinchina and the governor general, who reported the outrage to the Ministry of Colonies and received authorization to file criminal charges against Planchon. That did not, however, discredit Planchon in any way with Michelin. 20 Race and Industry in the United States and Europe Domestically, European and American assumptions about race mirrored those held by the far‐off managers of the empires. In rubber factories and their surrounding cities, supposed “natural” differences between and among “races” justified careful distinctions of status.
A World History of Rubber: Empire, Industry, and the Everyday by Stephen L. Harp