By Stacy Fang-Ching Teng
The Puyuma humans stay in southeastern Taiwan in Taitung urban and Peinan Township in Taitung County . There are nonetheless fourteen extant Formosan (Austronesian) languages in Taiwan , yet in basic terms 13 indigenous teams are formally known through the Taiwanese govt. the current learn investigates the Nanwang dialect of the Puyuma language, spoken through the folk in Nanwang and Paoshang Suburbs of Taitung urban in southern Taiwan .The goal of this grammar is to explain the phonology and morphosyntax of Puyuma. The paintings is descriptive in nature, and the theoretical framework hired is uncomplicated Linguistic idea (BLT), following Dixon (1994, 1997) and Dryer (2006). BLT emphasis es the necessity to describe each one language in its personal phrases, instead of impos ing on it techniques derived from different languages . hence, during this research, the writer abandons conventional phrases utilized by linguists learning Philippine-type languages, corresponding to 'agent focus', 'patient focus', 'locative focus', or 'instrumental focus', and replaces them with the phrases like 'transitive' and 'intransitive' which are extra typical to many of the world's linguists.
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Additional info for A reference grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian language of Taiwan
Which one occurs is determined phonologically. Among them, occurs when the initial sound is an obstruent. 1 Glide insertion In many cases a homorganic glide is inserted when a high vowel is followed by an unlike vowel. For example: Underlying derived form Glide insertion mi-anger /mia%)r/ [mija%)r] ki-umal /kiumal/ [kijumal] na’u-aw /na$uaw/ [na$uwaw] Also, [j] is inserted when a stem which ends with /a/ acquires a suffix beginning with /a/. However, this process does not apply in prefixation.
LikTi However, if the penultimate syllable is a closed syllable, schwa deletion is prohibited (because it will result in a forbidden CCC consonant cluster). kasalengseng ! 1 General rule for stress assignment Word stress in Puyuma falls on the last syllable, and is thus non-phonemic. Puyuma word stress is mainly marked by greater intensity, a higher degree of pitch and longer duration. 3. 4 illustrates the pitch and intensity of the phrase inaba=ku “I am fine”, and it shows that the syllable with the highest degree of pitch is not on the last syllable of inaba; on the contrary, the last syllable (ba) has the lowest degree of pitch.
2. 4 respectively. 2 Morphological units The morphological units of Puyuma are affixes, roots, stems, clitics and words. A morphological word is made up of one stem and zero or more affixes. A stem is made up of one root and zero or more affixes. Thus roots, stems and morphological words form a hierarchy. 1 Affixes An affix is a morpheme that is morphologically and phonologically dependent on its host. e. e. a root-plus-affix combination) to form morphologically complex words. Puyuma affixes are classified on formal grounds into prefixes, suffixes, infixes and circumfixes.
A reference grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian language of Taiwan by Stacy Fang-Ching Teng